Addressing Issues of Access and Fairness in Education through Dynamic Assessment

Addressing Issues of Access and Fairness in Education through Dynamic Assessment

Author: Matthew E Poehner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317849858

Category: Education

Page: 126

View: 615

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Increased emphasis in many school systems on formal testing to mark student achievement and hold teachers accountable has begun to heighten concern among many educational policy makers, assessment specialists, and classroom teachers over questions of access and fairness, particularly for learners from culturally different backgrounds and those with a history of academic struggles. This situation echoes that faced by the Russian psychologist L. S. Vygotsky nearly ninety years ago in his efforts to understand processes of development and meet the needs of all learners. His famous proposal of the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) holds that assessments must take account not only of abilities that have fully formed but also those that are still emerging. The diagnostic value of the ZPD lies in identifying the underlying source of learner difficulties as well as their future potential. Since Vygotsky’s time, psychologists and educators have devised a range of practices for engaging with learners in ZPD activity that have come to be known as Dynamic Assessment (DA). In DA, assessors go beyond observations of independent performance and engage cooperatively with learners to both understand and support their development. This process is in full evidence in the papers in this collection, which offers a cross section of applications of DA with diverse populations, including special needs learners, immigrant and minority students, and second language learners. While these papers may be read as cutting-edge academic research, they also represent a commitment to going beyond manifest difficulties and failures to help individuals construct a more positive future. This book was originally published as a special issue of Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice.
Addressing Issues of Access and Fairness in Education through Dynamic Assessment
Language: en
Pages: 126
Authors: Matthew E Poehner, Pauline Rea-Dickins
Categories: Education
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-03-05 - Publisher: Routledge

Increased emphasis in many school systems on formal testing to mark student achievement and hold teachers accountable has begun to heighten concern among many educational policy makers, assessment specialists, and classroom teachers over questions of access and fairness, particularly for learners from culturally different backgrounds and those with a history
Creative Dimensions of Teaching and Learning in the 21st Century
Language: en
Pages: 22
Authors: Jill B. Cummings, Mary L. Blatherwick
Categories: Education
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-09-12 - Publisher: Springer

In a rapidly changing world the importance of creativity is more apparent than ever. As a result, creativity is now essential in education. Creative Dimensions of Teaching and Learning in the 21st Century appeals to educators across disciplines teaching at every age level who are challenged daily to develop creative
The Routledge Encyclopedia of Second Language Acquisition
Language: en
Pages: 756
Authors: Peter Robinson
Categories: Reference
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012 - Publisher: Routledge

The Routledge Encyclopedia of Second Language Acquisition offers a user-friendly, authoritative survey of terms and constructs that are important to understanding research in second language acquisition (SLA) and its applications. The Encyclopedia is designed for use as a reference tool by students, researchers, teachers and professionals with an interest in
Sociocultural Theory and the Pedagogical Imperative in L2 Education
Language: en
Pages: 268
Authors: James P. Lantolf, Matthew E. Poehner
Categories: Foreign Language Study
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-03-05 - Publisher: Routledge

Explicating clearly and concisely the full implication of a praxis-oriented language pedagogy, this book argues for an approach to language teaching grounded in a significant scientific theory of human learning—a stance that rejects the consumer approach to theory and the dichotomy between theory and practice that dominates SLA and language
Interaction and Second Language Development
Language: en
Pages: 215
Authors: Rémi A. van Compernolle
Categories: Foreign Language Study
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-12-15 - Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

This volume addresses the role of communicative interaction in driving various dimensions of second language development from the perspective of Vygotskian sociocultural psychology. Emphasizing the dialectical relationship between the external-social world and individual mental functioning, the chapters delve into a wide range of topics illustrating how the social and the