Plant Ecology and Evolution in Harsh Environments

Plant Ecology and Evolution in Harsh Environments

Author: Nishanta Rajakaruna

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 1633219550

Category: Nature

Page: 475

View: 874

Download Now
Harsh environments found around the world harbor unique organisms adapted to extreme ranges in climatic, edaphic, and other environmental variables. Whether they occur in extreme climates such as alpine summits or inland deserts, in habitats frequently disturbed by fire or floods, or on edaphic islands created by unique geologies or anthropogenic contamination, the adaptations demonstrated by organisms found in such environments shed light on basic and applied aspects of ecology and evolution. This volume brings together current research on plants, fungi and microbes from harsh environments to reveal underlying patterns and common themes of these especially challenging habitats. Topics include the role of bedrock geochemistry and soil evolutionary processes in generating extreme habitats; the biology, ecology, and evolution of non-vascular and vascular plants, lichens, herbivores and pathogens, mycorrhizal fungi, and other beneficial microbes found in extreme environments. Habitats discussed in the book include alpine and arctic settings, fire-prone Mediterranean climates, serpentine outcrops, gypsum soils, metal-rich mine tailings, and saline soils. In addition to summarizing current research, we highlight new tools and emerging techniques in high-throughput phenotyping, genomics, and phylogenetics that are being used to develop our understanding of evolution in harsh environments. We also emphasize results gained from classical ecological approaches which have allowed us to examine adaptation to and evolution in harsh environments. In addition to discussing basic research, we cover applied work focusing on the threats posed by climate change and other anthropogenic impacts as well as efforts to restore and protect extreme habitats and the unique organisms they harbor. Finally, we discuss the uses of plant species found in extreme environments for agriculture and biotechnology, including the relatively new fields of phytoremediation and phytomining. The work highlighted in this volume demonstrates what these species and their environments have taught us about ecological and evolutionary theory, conservation, and restoration: knowledge that can be applied well beyond the habitats and species described in this book.
Plant Ecology and Evolution in Harsh Environments
Language: en
Pages: 475
Authors: Nishanta Rajakaruna, Robert S. Boyd, Tanner B. Harris
Categories: Nature
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-01-01 - Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

Harsh environments found around the world harbor unique organisms adapted to extreme ranges in climatic, edaphic, and other environmental variables. Whether they occur in extreme climates such as alpine summits or inland deserts, in habitats frequently disturbed by fire or floods, or on edaphic islands created by unique geologies or
Current Approaches in Biology
Language: en
Pages: 47
Authors: Ayşenur KAYABAŞ, Betül YILMAZ ÖZTÜRK
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-02-12 - Publisher: Akademisyen Kitabevi

Books about Current Approaches in Biology
Conflicts Between Biodiversity Conservation and Humans
Language: en
Pages: 201
Authors: Valeria Souza, María C. Mandujano, Irene Pisanty, Luis Enrique Eguiarte
Categories: Biodiversity
Type: BOOK - Published: 2022 - Publisher: Springer Nature

This book takes readers on a journey through the history of water in the Coahuila desert. It starts by describing the beauty and mysteries of the landscape, and then explores the rock art of the original desert cultures in Coahuila, offering readers a glimpse of the sacred nature of water
Advances in Bioremediation and Phytoremediation for Sustainable Soil Management
Language: en
Pages: 449
Authors: Junaid Ahmad Malik
Categories: Bioremediation
Type: BOOK - Published: 2022 - Publisher: Springer Nature

This edited volume deals with the understanding of the issues concerned with the pollution caused by toxic elements and heavy metals and their impacts on the different agro-ecosystems as well as the techniques involved in sustainable remediation and amelioration of polluted soils. Furthermore, the book is a detailed comprehensive account
Phytoremediation
Language: en
Pages: 367
Authors: Brian R. Shmaefsky
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-03-19 - Publisher: Springer Nature

This book provides in-situ phytoremediation strategies that are particularly well suited for developing nations. Its goal is to promote the use of field-tested phytoremediation methods for removing soil and water pollutants from agricultural, industrial, military, and municipal sources. These strategies include using algae and a variety of aquatic and terrestrial