Prestige, Manipulation, and Coercion

Prestige, Manipulation, and Coercion

Author: Joseph P. Torigian

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ISBN: OCLC:974489459

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Page: 651

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How do leaders win power struggles in Leninist regimes? Many political scientists emphasize the importance of institutions in such regimes. Such institutionalization allegedly provides a mechanism for distributing patronage and debating policies, stipulates rules that delineate a group that selects the leadership, and prevents the military and secret police from playing a special coercive role. This dissertation instead argues that the defining feature of one-party states is weak institutionalization. Power struggles are therefore determined by prestige and sociological ties, the manipulation of multiple decision-making bodies, and politicized militaries and secret police. Leaders with legacies as successful warfighters are especially capable of dominating such systems. Institutionalization can only explain why elites do not pointlessly and unnecessarily violate ambiguous rules, losers rarely defect from the party or resist decisions after suffering defeat, and the coercive organs never blatantly wield force against united civilian leaders. These arguments are based on a theoretically rigorous examination of the power struggles fought by Nikita Khrushchev, Deng Xiaoping, and Kim Il Sung. The historic failure to institutionalize leadership selection had a tragic legacy: its absence is crucial for understanding the origins of Soviet stagnation, the tragedy at Tiananmen Square in 1989, and the Kim family multi-generational personality cult.
Prestige, Manipulation, and Coercion
Language: en
Pages: 312
Authors: Joseph Torigian
Categories:
Type: BOOK - Published: 2022-05-10 - Publisher: Yale University Press

How succession in authoritarian regimes was less a competition of visions for the future and more a settling of scores "Joseph Torigian's stellar research and personal interviews have produced a brilliant, meticulous study. It fundamentally undermines what political scientists have presumed to be the way Chinese Communist and Soviet politics
Prestige, Manipulation, and Coercion
Language: en
Pages: 651
Authors: Joseph P. Torigian
Categories:
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016 - Publisher:

How do leaders win power struggles in Leninist regimes? Many political scientists emphasize the importance of institutions in such regimes. Such institutionalization allegedly provides a mechanism for distributing patronage and debating policies, stipulates rules that delineate a group that selects the leadership, and prevents the military and secret police from
Prestige, Manipulation, and Coercion
Language: en
Pages: 256
Authors: Joseph Torigian
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2022-05-10 - Publisher: Yale University Press

How succession in authoritarian regimes was less a competition of visions for the future and more a settling of scores “Joseph Torigian’s stellar research and personal interviews have produced a brilliant, meticulous study. It fundamentally undermines what political scientists have presumed to be the way Chinese Communist and Soviet politics
Active Defense
Language: en
Pages: 396
Authors: M. Taylor Fravel
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-11-10 - Publisher: Princeton University Press

What changes in China’s modern defense policy reveal about military organizations and strategy Active Defense offers the first systematic look at China’s military strategy from the mid-twentieth century to today. Exploring the range and intensity of threats that China has faced, M. Taylor Fravel illuminates the nation’s past and present
Revolution and Dictatorship
Language: en
Pages: 656
Authors: Steven Levitsky, Lucan Way
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2022-09-13 - Publisher: Princeton University Press

Why the world’s most resilient dictatorships are products of violent revolution Revolution and Dictatorship explores why dictatorships born of social revolution—such as those in China, Cuba, Iran, the Soviet Union, and Vietnam—are extraordinarily durable, even in the face of economic crisis, large-scale policy failure, mass discontent, and intense external pressure.