Reforming Juvenile Justice

Reforming Juvenile Justice

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309278904

Category: Law

Page: 462

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Adolescence is a distinct, yet transient, period of development between childhood and adulthood characterized by increased experimentation and risk-taking, a tendency to discount long-term consequences, and heightened sensitivity to peers and other social influences. A key function of adolescence is developing an integrated sense of self, including individualization, separation from parents, and personal identity. Experimentation and novelty-seeking behavior, such as alcohol and drug use, unsafe sex, and reckless driving, are thought to serve a number of adaptive functions despite their risks. Research indicates that for most youth, the period of risky experimentation does not extend beyond adolescence, ceasing as identity becomes settled with maturity. Much adolescent involvement in criminal activity is part of the normal developmental process of identity formation and most adolescents will mature out of these tendencies. Evidence of significant changes in brain structure and function during adolescence strongly suggests that these cognitive tendencies characteristic of adolescents are associated with biological immaturity of the brain and with an imbalance among developing brain systems. This imbalance model implies dual systems: one involved in cognitive and behavioral control and one involved in socio-emotional processes. Accordingly adolescents lack mature capacity for self-regulations because the brain system that influences pleasure-seeking and emotional reactivity develops more rapidly than the brain system that supports self-control. This knowledge of adolescent development has underscored important differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the late decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a study of juvenile justice reform. The goal of Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach was to review recent advances in behavioral and neuroscience research and draw out the implications of this knowledge for juvenile justice reform, to assess the new generation of reform activities occurring in the United States, and to assess the performance of OJJDP in carrying out its statutory mission as well as its potential role in supporting scientifically based reform efforts.
Reforming Juvenile Justice
Language: en
Pages: 462
Authors: National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on Law and Justice, Committee on Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013-06-22 - Publisher: National Academies Press

Adolescence is a distinct, yet transient, period of development between childhood and adulthood characterized by increased experimentation and risk-taking, a tendency to discount long-term consequences, and heightened sensitivity to peers and other social influences. A key function of adolescence is developing an integrated sense of self, including individualization, separation from
Reforming Juvenile Justice
Language: en
Pages: 276
Authors: Josine Junger-Tas, Frieder Dünkel
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2009-05-29 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

This book deals with a number of critical issue in juvenile justice that have not been dealt with in extenso before
Reforming Juvenile Justice
Language: en
Pages: 26
Authors: Josine Junger-Tas, Frieder Dünkel
Categories: Juvenile justice, Administration of
Type: BOOK - Published: 1993 - Publisher:

Books about Reforming Juvenile Justice
A Return to Justice
Language: en
Pages: 156
Authors: Ashley Nellis
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-12-14 - Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

Juveniles who commit crimes often find themselves in court systems that do not account for their young age, but it wasn’t always this way. The original aim of a separate juvenile justice system was to treat young offenders as the children they were, considering their unique child status and amenability
Reforming Juvenile Justice
Language: en
Pages: 267
Authors: Dan Macallair
Categories: Juvenile corrections
Type: BOOK - Published: 1998 - Publisher: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company

Books about Reforming Juvenile Justice