Scientific Explanation

Scientific Explanation

Author: Philip Kitcher

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816657650

Category: Science

Page: 528

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Scientific Explanation was first published in 1962. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. Is a new consensus emerging in the philosophy of science? The nine distinguished contributors to this volume apply that question to the realm of scientific explanation and, although their conclusions vary, they agree in one respect: there definitely was an old consensus. Co-editor Wesley Salmon's opening essay, "Four Decades of Scientific Explanation," grounds the entire discussion. His point of departure is the founding document of the old consensus: a 1948 paper by Carl G. Hempel and Paul Oppenheim, "Studies in the Logic of Explanation," that set forth, with remarkable clarity, a mode of argument that came to be known as the deductive-nomological model. This approach, holding that explanation dies not move beyond the sphere of empirical knowledge, remained dominant during the hegemony of logical empiricism from 1950 to 1975. Salmon traces in detail the rise and breakup of the old consensus, and examines the degree to which there is, if not a new consensus, at least a kind of reconciliation on this issue among contemporary philosophers of science and clear agreement that science can indeed tell us why. The other contributors, in the order of their presentations, are: Peter Railton, Matti Sintonen, Paul W. Humphreys, David Papineau, Nancy Cartwright, James Woodward, Merrilee H. Salmon, and Philip Kitcher.
Scientific Explanation
Language: en
Pages: 528
Authors: Philip Kitcher, Wesley C. Salmon
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 1962-05 - Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

Scientific Explanation was first published in 1962. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. Is a new consensus emerging in the philosophy of science? The nine distinguished contributors to this volume apply
Essays on Ethics, Social Behaviour, and Scientific Explanation
Language: en
Pages: 278
Authors: J.C. Harsanyi
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 1976-12-31 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

When John Harsanyi came to Stanford University as a candidate for the Ph.D., I asked him why he was bothering, since it was most un likely that he had anything to learn from us. He was already a known scho lar; in addition to some papers in economics, the first
Scientific Explanation
Language: en
Pages: 93
Authors: Erik Weber, Jeroen Van Bouwel, Leen De Vreese
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-07-08 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

When scientist investigate why things happen, they aim at giving an explanation. But what does a scientific explanation look like? In the first chapter (Theories of Scientific Explanation) of this book, the milestones in the debate on how to characterize scientific explanations are exposed. The second chapter (How to Study
Four Decades of Scientific Explanation
Language: en
Pages: 240
Authors: Wesley C. Salmon
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2006-06-15 - Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press

As Aristotle stated, scientific explanation is based on deductive argument--yet, Wesley C. Salmon points out, not all deductive arguments are qualified explanations. The validity of the explanation must itself be examined. Four Decades of Scientific Explanation provides a comprehensive account of the developments in scientific explanation that transpired in the
Language and scientific explanation
Language: en
Pages: 96
Authors: Eran Asoulin
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020 - Publisher: Language Science Press

This book discusses the two main construals of the explanatory goals of semantic theories. The first, externalist conception, understands semantic theories in terms of a hermeneutic and interpretive explanatory project. The second, internalist conception, understands semantic theories in terms of the psychological mechanisms in virtue of which meanings are generated.